For many purposes, retaining walls are made from concrete or other types. They are used to block soil, water, snow, or other liquids from entering. Besides the prevention of these materials, they also enhance the beauty of a landscape. In order to understand the various constructors who offer retaining wall services, it is important to know how they construct them and what they include.
Retaining walls may be built by either removing the topmost soil layer and top soil or digging up the earth and compressing it with fill materials such as gravel. Once the soil has been removed, a firm figure can be formed and concrete can then be poured. Various materials may be used in the construction of a retaining wall. Concrete, concrete blocks, rebars, tile, carpet and plastic are all common options.
There are two main types of retaining walls. One is a free-standing construction, while the other is a mounted construction. The wall system of the free-standing system is completely separate from the earth. On the other hand, the mounted system is incorporated right into the soil. This type allows for a greater space between the soil and the wall.
Constructing retaining walls entails two important decisions. The first one is the kind of material to be used for the wall system. The cost, load-bearing capability, aesthetics, and cost are the main factors in choosing the right materials. Concrete, rock, slate and fiberglass are all common materials. Besides these materials, different others may be considered depending on the needs of the owner and for the climate where the wall is to be located.
Concrete is preferred by most homeowners due to its strength and economic cost. Concrete is not always the best choice in a hilly area. Concrete is not an option if there are steep hills close by that provide snow cover and freeze-over during winter. One way out is to use a concrete cantilever retaining wall system. In case the terrain is not so favorable, steel or stone are also used.
Before constructing retaining walls, it is important to thoroughly investigate the area in which they will be built. Surveyors need to look into the local topography and the character of the soil to know which would be the most suitable option. Surveyors will also need information about the topography of the area, as different materials will be needed in different areas. If the soil is not strong enough, no retaining wall can be built. The wall could also buckle if the soil is too wet.
Preparing the soil must be done with care. It is important to prepare the soil using heavy equipment such a bulldozer or compactor. This is because the machines will be digging and suctioning into the soil to lay the concrete or steel sheets that will support the structure for the retaining wall. Grading the area can save loose soil that can’t be handled with a plow.
Building the walls need to be done precisely. The wall will be elevated above the ground so it is important to ensure that the structure is securely rooted in the ground. An excellent design is the use of steel support beams, which are the perfect substitute for piles. Piles are prone to everythingnesss such as being eaten up by termites or rotten by the sun’s heat. The beams are strong and sturdy enough for all these attacks to be resisted and to ensure the wall’s longevity.